Car sharing vs. Personal car: Which one is better for you?
Our author Fedor Kalabkin has been driving for almost ten years now. For the sake of the experiment, he moved from a personal car to car-sharing and compared the costs. That’s what turned out to be cheaper.
From the moment I purchased my first car, I try not to use other modes of transport. This is due not only to comfort but also to the fact that I enjoy driving. And it’s not so important whether I’m driving on the highway or in traffic jams in the city. Even if it rains or snows in Moscow, I prefer to leave early rather than go down the subway. And the point here is not only the unwillingness to be in close contact with strangers. For me , a car is a place where I can gather my thoughts and think something over carefully. And traffic jams are great for this.
Of course, there are situations when you can’t use your car. For example, a trip to the airport (do not pay the same weekly parking!) Or to a bar with friends (do not leave the car anywhere!). In this case, you have to use car sharing or the subway. So I am registered in the three largest car sharing: Delimobil, Belka Car and Yandex.Drive.
Therefore, it was interesting for me to consider what is more profitable – to use a car or a personal car, and I decided to conduct an experiment.
For one week I used (as usual) my car, and then a week I drove only on rented cars. Of course, the initial cost of the car is not taken into account in the calculations, since the car dealer does not offer you anything to buy. In the case of my car, I calculated not only gasoline, but also the cost of maintenance and additional mandatory costs (relative to the distance traveled).
Private car costs
Since the price of gasoline is constantly growing (respectively, and the cost of a full tank), I prefer to refuel for a fixed amount – 1,500 ₽. So it’s much easier for me to calculate costs.
Typically, such a filling enough for me for 3 – 4 days, but it all depends on the intensity of trips. The exception is long trips (for example, to another city). In this case, it is better to refuel a full tank. Since the engine is atmospheric, refuel with the usual 95th.
The average consumption in those periods when you have to warm up the car is 11.4 – 11.5 liters per 100 kilometers. Of course, a lot depends on traffic jams. During the experiment, the consumption did not rise above 11.4 liters, therefore it was from this figure that I repelled.
As for the maintenance – routine maintenance (oil change and 3 filters) I spend every 7000 kilometers. Since the engine eats up oil, I use Lukoil Genesis 5W40. The combination of price and quality suits me perfectly. If you do not keep the gas pedal constantly in the floor, the oil performs its tasks. Filters – Mann + Hummel. A German company whose product quality has never complained about. I buy consumables from friends who sell auto parts, so I have a very good discount. I come to a specialized service for a replacement. The master’s work is no worse than the official dealer, but the cost of services is several times lower.
The last set for basic maintenance cost me 4373 ₽.
I spent 1400 ₽ on services for replacing oil and 3 filters (oil, air and cabin). I put a carbon filter in the cabin, and, in principle, it can be changed less often, but I don’t save on the cleanliness of the air in the cabin.
As a result, I paid 5773 ₽ for routine maintenance.
There was enough fuel for a week. Basically, the trips were short, and outside the window the temperature did not drop below – 3 degrees, so there was no long warm-ups. Taking into account traffic jams and downtime, I drove about 180 kilometers. There were eight trips in total. The longest of them is 86 km (4 hours in traffic jams). The shortest is to the metro to meet a person. I drove late in the evening, so it took me about 20 minutes to travel 12 km. The total travel time is about 6.5 hours. I note that for the whole week I have never had to use paid parking.
The estimated cost of 1 km of the track for maintenance costs was 0.82 ₽ (5773 ₽: 7000 km = 0.82). That is, 180 kilometers traveled cost me almost 148 ₽. Also, I annually purchase OSAGO (and a diagnostic card for it), which costs 10 500 ₽ ( 201 ₽ per week). The transport tax is 9600 ₽ per year ( 184 ₽ per week). Total it turns out 1500 + 148 + 201 + 184 = 2033 ₽. Given the fact that I spent 6.5 hours driving, every hour it cost me 313 ₽ (or 5.2 ₽ per minute).
Car Sharing Costs
The first day of the trip in the carshare did not bode well. But an experiment is an experiment.
Due to the fact that I live in a residential area, there are enough free cars near the house.
There was no desire to go to any particular car, so I booked the nearest one – Renault Kaptur from Yandex.Drive.
It is not too convenient that Yandex itself determines the time for which you need to reach the car. In my case, he gave less than three minutes. For example, Delimobile always provides 20 minutes.
I went to Kaptur many times, but I could not understand this car. Choosing a crossover from a French concern, I would prefer Duster.
The first trip was the longest and most expensive. Poking around in traffic jams, periodically looking at his watch, is a dubious pleasure.
After spending almost two hours at the meeting, I again began to search for transport in order to move on with my business. Being not far from the Third Ring Road, I found myself in an unpleasant situation. The nearest car had to go at least 20 minutes.
Weather for walks did not have. Therefore, I took advantage of Yandex’s prompt and called a taxi. Even at rush hour, getting in a taxi is much more expensive.
He was returning home to the Volkswagen Polo from Delimobile. Without traffic jams, of course, it turned out faster and cheaper – 345 ₽. I paid a small part of the car rental with bonuses.
Next week were three more fairly short trips.
In total, I got 5 trips that took 3 hours 55 minutes. I also made one forced 7-minute taxi ride. I spent 1367 ₽ on a car sharing (taking into account bonuses) and 298 rubles on a taxi. In total, 1665 ₽ per week or 6.88 ₽ per minute of the journey came out .
It was cheaper to travel by a personal car at 1.68 ₽ per minute. Of course, I did not take into account the cost of my car, nor the reduction in the price of a car taking into account age and mileage, nor the cost of repairs (and the need for it is not so rare), nor parking. But the comfort that a personal car gives is more important to me than these costs.
Instead of the result, I will describe the pros and cons of car sharing and my own car, which I allocated for myself during the experiment.
Let’s start with the pros:
- You do not purchase a car. So, avoid the need to save money, choose between models and look for a specific instance. This comparison is especially relevant in the case of used cars: in car sharing you are unlikely to encounter twisted mileage or restrictions on registration actions. Registering the car also does not have to.
- You do not service the car. Even a not very experienced driver knows that any car through a certain mileage interval (usually 10 thousand kilometers) – or at least once a year – must get into service to replace lubricant and filter elements. Consumables also include brake pads and discs, candles, belts, rollers, brake and coolant. If you choose original elements or worthy analogs, the amount will come rather big.
- You do not refuel the car. Fuel costs are a significant part of the budget, and are constantly growing: only since the beginning of 2019, gasoline, according to Rosstat, has risen in price by 1.7%. Using car sharing, you only need to arrive at the gas station on time – the operator will take care of the financial issues. Almost all companies also accrue bonuses for the time spent on refueling. True, not all operators allow leaving a car with an empty tank – some apply penalties in such cases.
- You do not pay the transport tax. Of course, if you, for example, have a new Hyundai Solaris with an engine capacity of 1.4 liters and a capacity of 100 horsepower, the amount of the contribution will be only 1200 ₽ per year. But with this money you can ride the same Solaris for 2.5 hours, if you rent it in the Delimobil service (8 ₽ / min.).
- You do not buy insurance for the entire period of car ownership. For example, CTP on the same Solaris will cost about 9.5 thousand ₽ (RESO Guarantee), if you have a driving experience of more than 3 years, and about 15 thousand ₽, if you got behind the wheel less than 3 years ago. In the case of hull insurance, investments will be even more substantial: for an experienced Solaris owner, the amount will be about 50 thousand ₽ per year. In the case of car sharing, service cars are insured. But there are some subtleties. For example, if an accident occurred through your fault, Delimobile under the contract has the right to recover a fine of up to 50 thousand ₽ from you.
- You are not repairing the car. Even with a hull, you will have to return the vehicle to a technical center and remain without a car for a while, while the repair process may well be delayed. In the case of car sharing, even if a company fines you, car repair is not your problem.
- You do not pay for parking. The number of areas where you cannot leave your car for free is growing steadily, as is the price of parking services: for example, in Moscow at the end of 2018, the cost of parking on some streets rose to 380 ₽ / hour. When you use car sharing, parking is paid by the operator (who receives benefits).
- No seasonal preparations. No need to follow the weather forecast in time to set the winter tires on time. A set of tires does not take up space in your garage or in the country (or even on the balcony), and you do not take up space in the queue for mounting.
- An opportunity to try new things. You can ride on premium models in the mode in which you are unlikely to be allowed to do this by employees of a car dealership during a test drive. So car sharing can be a way to carefully examine the model you have looked at.
Cons of car-sharing services:
- It is practically public transport. You do not know who used the car before you. So you can encounter, for example, an unpleasant odor in the cabin, and sometimes you don’t have the little things you need that prudent driver’s store in their car.
- You are tied to the phone: without the application (or a call to the support service), it will not be possible to complete the rental of the car – and even just close it.
- Money on the map. To instantly pay for a service on a bank card that is tied to an account, there must be enough money. Some operators allow you to make postpay, but the period for such operations is very limited. Moreover, the charge-off scheme for all operators is different. For example, Belka Car removes sums from the card in tranches of 300 ₽: if you “rolled” 650 ₽, the money will be debited from the account three times – upon reaching the limit of 300 ₽, then – at 600 ₽, and, finally, the remaining 50 ₽.
- Limited coverage area. Even in Moscow there are places where it will not be possible to leave a rented car. Also, far from in every part of the near Moscow suburbs it will be possible to complete the lease (you can put the car into standby mode, but it is paid). So often, residents of more remote areas outside the Moscow Ring Road have to throw a car at the border of the allowed zone and get to the house in another way.
- A car is not always nearby – despite the growing fleet of car sharing services. Therefore, you have to connect to several services and check the nearby territory for the presence of cars. Which is very inappropriate if you are in a hurry. Plus, you need to get to the car, which is inconvenient if you have heavy things in your hands or bad weather on the street.
- You cannot be sure of the condition of the car. Of course, companies monitor the fleet, but this does not exclude excesses in the form of a flat tire or worn pads.
- Cars are always different. This can be a problem for inexperienced drivers. Even an hour-long trip is difficult to get used to the dimensions of the car or its reaction to the accelerator pedal and the brake.
Owning a machine is not only a pleasure, but also a responsibility: there is the need to pay duties and other fees, and keep it in decent working condition. But many are ready to put up with these nuances.
A personal car has many advantages:
- Your car is most often the model that you like and satisfy your needs. Inside, everything is set up for you, in the glove compartment are the things you need. There are no strangers in the cabin.
- The car is always there. There is no need to reserve car-sharing and walk to where the previous user left the car. Plus, you have no restrictions on the territory where you can leave the car.
- No intermediaries. No need to notify the operator that you are completing a trip, or put the car into standby mode. You do not report to anyone except the traffic police and the data center (Center for Traffic Management).
Of course, there are also disadvantages:
- Your car is your concern. All maintenance, refueling, parking, and insurance expenses are borne by you. True, you can leave your car in the courtyard or in the garage – then for the year, you will not have to pay anything other than transport tax (and, possibly, resident parking).
- They can steal a car. If she is not insured by hull insurance, it will be possible to return the car only if police officers find him. Unfortunately, this does not always happen. Also, the car may be damaged in an accident. If the restoration is impractical, you can only try to sell good balances.
- Cars need to buy and sell. Both operations take a lot of time and nerves.