US green card: Many of us have at least once heard the expression “US Green Card” or “Green Card”. There are many people who want to win it every year. Not everyone knows what it is and how to become the owner of this USA card.
Green Card or Green Card – a special identification card that gives the right to live and work in the United States. This is a kind of obtaining an American residence permit and one of the most common ways of emigrating to the United States. It is also a work permit. Its owner can get any job in the USA . 5 years after receiving a Green Card and permanently residing in the country, its owner can apply for US citizenship.
What does this treasured document look like? Greenish is a small identification card with a fingerprint of the owner, photo, expiration date and personal data. Initially, the prototype of this document was plain white paper certifying the registration of a foreigner.
After World War II, this document became a very green card that allowed an immigrant to legally stay in the country. True, the subsequent designer, in order to protect against fakes, changed her color. However, since 2010, the card has been issued in green design, corresponding to its name. For 2020, receiving a Green Card is carried out in the following ways:
- Family reunion with relatives in the USA.
- Marriage to a US citizen.
- Applying by an employer (subject to an official US work visa ).
- Asylum for political, religious and other reasons, refugee status.
- Investing in the economy.
- Business card.
- Diversification lottery.
DV-Lottery to receive Green Card in 2020
The easiest way to get a Green Card is to participate in the lottery, which the US government holds every year. Participation in the lottery is free. Everyone can fill out the application form and apply for participation. The procedure for filling out the questionnaire is discussed in detail later in this article. The registration period for participation in the Green Card drawing, which will be available in 2021, is from October 2 to November 5, 2020.
Thus, the application is submitted in 2020, the drawing and announcement of its results takes place on the official website dvlottery.state.gov in the spring of 2020. You can only get a Green Card if you win and have a successful interview after that at the American Embassy in 2021. Quotas of maps provided for different countries in 2020 are different. To increase the chances of winning, you can fill out a questionnaire for each member of the family. If the husband wins, the wife also receives the right to receive the Green Card and vice versa.
Reuniting with relatives in the United States in some cases guarantees a Green Card. These include: direct relatives, for example, parents of a US citizen, spouses, children under 21 years of age, as well as sisters and brothers of a US citizen.
Another option to obtain a residence permit in the United States is the conclusion of an official marriage with a permanent resident of the United States. Civil marriage and other options will not help to get a green card, but applying for a spouse with a status of a citizen of the United States of America to the immigration service will be only a big plus in this process.
However, many citizens of other states have repeatedly tried to deceive the authorities by concluding a fictitious marriage in exchange for money, material values, etc. Employees of the immigration service, the one that gives the Green Card, over many years of work have learned to distinguish self-serving marriage from real relationships, even during interviews.
In order to confirm them in front of the state, it will be necessary to provide undeniable evidence: photographs demonstrating family life, bank accounts, utility bills, jointly owned real estate, family business and, of course, documents on the presence of children.
All this helps to get a temporary Green Card, valid for two years. However, after a year and nine months, you will need to send the immigration service fresh documents on the same list to draw up a new card. If a non-resident of the USA outside the country has a child, then after the parent receives the Green Card, he also receives a residence permit.
Work and political visas
If you are a wonderful employee holding an important position, and your American company is interested in you staying in the country, then the company management may apply for permanent residency status or a green card.
US authorities can provide asylum to citizens whose lives and health are in danger due to any political or religious beliefs, racial signs, sexual orientation, or those who, for serious reasons, cannot return to their homeland.
To obtain such a Green Card, you must definitely enter the United States and present irrefutable evidence of the threat of a refugee in the country of residence. In this case, you will have to hire a competent lawyer, savvy in such matters, and it will cost a lot of money, but if successful, both the refugee and his legal spouse will receive a Green Card.
If you are wealthy and your financial capabilities allow, then you can invest in the American economy from 500 thousand to 1 million USD. Also, to obtain a Green Card, you can open a new company or invest in an existing one. This will allow you to draw up an investment green card.
You can also obtain resident status when transferring an employee of an overseas branch of an American company to a branch in the United States. In such cases, you can submit documents to the Green Card one and a half years after the transfer. Say, if you transfer in 2020, then already in 2020-2021. You can contact the immigration service and get all the benefits that the Green Card provides.
This method is most often used by those wishing to leave and live in the USA. Every year, the US State Department conducts a special program – a kind of lottery in which you can win the coveted card.
The application form is filled out on the lottery website. The Green Card is drawn using a computer, the winners go through interviews and fill out documents for receiving a card. However, this method has its limitations and disadvantages.
Sample of filling in the application form for participation in the DV-lottery 2021
To participate in the draw, you must fill out a participation form. Everyone has a chance to win, as the computer selects the winner using random numbers. By 2020, the total number of participants in the drawing reached 10 million. An online application form is filled out in a free form, but in case of a win, you will need to pay a fee for issuing a card.
Attention! In 2020, the Green Card is played for 2021. Remember this to avoid confusion later on. Start of registration for participation in the lottery on October 3, 2020. The deadline for filing applications is November 7th.
The consular fee for winning is about 300 dollars. You will also need to come for an interview at the American Embassy, hand over various tests and collect various documents. If you win, you will be assigned an interview date and will be informed what documents and papers you need to bring with you.
When filling out the questionnaire, the slightest deviation from the established form will not only not give you the opportunity to win, but will also result in disqualification, and therefore you must carefully fill in all the fields. As already mentioned at the beginning of the article, there are many companies and organizations that offer intermediary services when filling out and submitting profiles.
Be careful, as there are scammers who often ask for large sums for their services and frankly profit from those who want to try their luck.
Therefore, for those who are completely poorly versed in English or new to the computer, we recommend watching an even more detailed video on filling out the questionnaire in Russian.
Strict requirements are imposed on the photo, and if they are not followed, the questionnaire, even in case of winning, may be canceled, and you will be refused a Green Card.
- The photo should be 600×600 pixels in size and must be in .jpg format
- Behind the photo there should be a light monophonic background. For example, you can’t take a photo against the background of a window on the street or, for example, against the background of bright walls in your apartment. Go better at a photo shop.
- A photograph cannot be retouched or altered in any other way. Be sure to tell the photographer about this, often they remove and cover up acne on the face or cut off a disheveled hairstyle.
- You need to be photographed in ordinary clothes without hats. You can not take pictures in military uniform or religious clothing.
- The face in the image should not be too big and not too small.
- Facial expression should be neutral. You can’t smile.
After filling out the application form for participation in the lottery, which must be submitted, you will receive a special number (Confirmation Number), you can use it to find out in the spring of 2020 whether you won the Green Card or not by using the official website dvlottery.state.gov .
Registration start and end dates for the Green Card drawing in 2020
In 2020, you can apply for the 2021 lottery. Registration for 2020 ended in 2018. The US authorities did not reconsider their decision, and in 2020 registration for the 2021 lottery begins on October 2 at 12:00 Eastern time and ends on November 5. It is better to register a questionnaire in the first half of October, because the US government plays out a little more places than it should, since many applicants simply fill out a questionnaire for no reason and do not attend an interview.
But if suddenly all the winners collect the necessary documents, pay the consular fee, pass an interview and decide to emigrate, then the queue within the deadline set for the interview may not reach the latest applications by date. And such cases have already happened.
If you missed your chance to participate in the lottery and get all the opportunities that Green Card provides, then you still have several ways to become a resident of the United States.
What are the benefits for Green Card holders?
A happy cardholder can live and work in the United States, travel the world, repeatedly crossing the border of the United States, transport close relatives to America, and then obtain US citizenship . But besides these pleasant moments that the Green Card gives, there are obligations that arise for any citizen.
For example, the payment of all taxes, payments, taking into account income, salary and other finances. Male people living in America, even if they have a Green Card, are required to register with the military if they are between 18 and 27 years old.
If you moved to work, then you need to work at the inviting company for at least six months, and it is better to increase this period to two years so that the authorities do not have legitimate suspicions about your reliability as an employee and citizen.
Also, you must live in America, and not use it as a country residence, otherwise you may lose your barely acquired privileges. And, of course, you must not violate any American laws.The status of a lawfully resident immigrant is easier to lose than to gain, and therefore forget about the noisy drinking party, the desire to fight with someone and driving while intoxicated. Otherwise, all this may end with the cancellation of the Green Card, deportation and expulsion from the country.
In addition, each state is full of a variety of laws, sometimes funny and outdated, but do not ruin your life and break them. A green card does not have an expiration date, but it is better to learn about all the nuances in advance. For example, children with a residence permit need to replace the Green Card with a new one when they reach the age of 14.